What is Gingivitis and How do you Know if you have it?
Gingivitis is a common gum disease that develops when bacteria grows between your teeth and gums. If left untreated, it can lead to serious problems, including tooth loss. While poor dental hygiene is the main cause of gingivitis, other factors such as drugs, infections, diseases, hormonal changes, and poor nutrition can cause it too.
Gingivitis starts with plaque buildup. Brushing twice a day can remove plaque, but if allowed to remain on your teeth for just two days it can harden and turn into tartar. Only professional cleaning can remove tartar, so if left untreated it can develop into gingivitis.
The early stages of gingivitis are rarely painful, but there are other warning signs you can watch for. If your gums become swollen, sore, too soft, dark red, or bleed when you brush your teeth, you might have gingivitis. If you notice any of these signs, you need to see your dentist immediately.
Fortunately, gingivitis is preventable through good oral hygiene and can be treated if caught early. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, and having regular professional cleanings is a good start. Even if you already have gingivitis, regular professional cleanings can reverse existing damage.